Urgent steps are needed to protect Scotland’s oil and gas industry, the UK government has been told.
The Scottish Affairs Committee at Westminster said the sector was facing significant challenges.
It has published a report calling on the government to agree a deal to secure the future of the industry.
The UK government welcomed the report and said it would consider the committee’s recommendations, but it was criticised by an environmental charity.
The committee heard from academics, industry bodies, unions, energy and climate change specialists, experts in decommissioning and regulators, as well as the UK and Scottish governments, over the course of an inquiry into the oil and gas industry.
Noting the sector had “come through a significant and challenging downturn”, the committee report calls on the UK government to agree an “ambitious sector deal” to protect the future of the industry.
It states: “The opportunities presented by an oil and gas sector deal for Scotland are too significant to be overlooked.
“The sector deal would both provide energy security for the UK for decades to come and support the industry to remain a global leader in energy production.”
The committee recommends developing new technology to maximise the recovery of 10 to 20 billion barrels of oil and gas remaining in the UK Continental Shelf, helping the industry reduce its carbon footprint, and supporting the transfer of skills and technology from the oil and gas sector into other industries.
The industry contributed £9.2bn to the Scottish economy in 2017, supporting 135,000 jobs, according to the report.
Scottish Affairs Committee chairman and SNP MP Pete Wishart said: “There is potentially another 30 years of oil and gas production in the North Sea but it’s important the sector uses this time to ensure the sector’s future as production starts to slow.
“To do this, the government needs to support the sector in exporting its skills and expertise around the world and to transfer the sector’s world-leading engineering into other sectors, like renewable energy and carbon capture technology.
“Only by doing this can the government ensure that in 30 years the north-east of Scotland is still home to a world-class energy sector.”
Richard Dixon, director of environmental campaign group Friends of the Earth Scotland, was strongly critical of the report.
He said: “This is an utterly complacent report which slavishly supports the oil and gas industry’s aim of getting every last drop of oil out of the North Sea while assuming that eye-wateringly expensive technology will save the industry from its own carbon emissions.
“Climate change is an existential crisis for human civilisation and this report could have marked a turning point by acknowledging that we need to leave most of the fossil fuels we know about where they are. Instead, it fully sanctions the industry to continue to fry the planet.”
Mr Dixon called for an immediate halt to new oil exploration and a plan to phase out existing production and transfer workers to green energy jobs.
A spokeswoman for the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy said: “Oil and gas remains one of the most productive and important sectors of the UK economy. We welcome this report and will consider the committee’s recommendations.”